Archeological site Kliškovac

TZ   |   20.06.2018.

Settlement, town, county: Suhopolje, Virovitica-Podravina County

Type of site: graveyard, church

Period: Middle Ages

Type of research: systematic

Research performed by: Institute for Archeology

Head of research: Professor Željko Tomičić, PhD (2005-2009)

The significance of the toponyms is in that they keep and bring important notices on the position that they signify, and in the case of the Kliškovac toponym, it suggests the existence of the church and the settlement. The archaeological research found a graveyard dating from the 11th until the late 15th century, and the 15th century church, giving rise to the questions during the excavation – to which settlement did the graveyard belong to, what was it called and to whom the church was dedicated.

During the research, the 16th and 17th centuries layers were under the humus, as well as a semi-enclosed object with a 16th century fireplace. Under them there are 145 graves classified in three horizons. The oldest, the horizon I dates from the beginning of the 11th century until 1250, and it belongs to the graves in which jewelry with features of the Bjelobrdo culture was found. In the middle horizon II, dating from 1250 until 1400, there is no such jewelry. First and second horizon are older than the church, and the church has cut most of the graves of these horizons. The youngest, the horizon III belongs to the 15th century and is contemporary to the church erected at the beginning of the 15th century. The stratigraphic relationships and numerous radiocarbon analyses proved that the burials in the examined part of the cemetery ceased at the end of the 15th century.

The church was erected at the beginning of the 15th century and was used throughout the 15th century; it had Gothic stylistic features, visible from the stone plastic, and had at least a partially white plaster with red paintings. The studies have shown that it was destroyed in a fire, after which it was partially demolished. Its devastation probably occurred after the middle of the 16th century. The observations of the remains of the human bones show a low level of hygiene and oral hygiene and poor nutrition, as well as the presence of anemia and contagious diseases and interpersonal violence. Still, some had possessed jewelry and were buried with money, which tells us that a part of the population had a higher social and property status. That this was not an insignificant, small village with a poor church, proves the rare finding of excellently made bronze fittings for the bookcases from the 15th century.

The research was completed in 2009, and the results were presented to the scientific community and the public through monographs, scientific papers and exhibitions.

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